d'ar gêr ! ***** à la maison ! ***** back home !

Noms de lieux

Noms de personnes








page ouverte en 2002       forum de discussion

* forum du site Marikavel : Academia Celtica

dernière mise à jour 12/05/2009 14:13:58

Définition : Ville d'Angleterre; comté de Wiltshire, sur la rivière Kennet 


Extrait de la carte Map of Roman Britain, de Ordnance Survey



* Rivet & Smith, p. 328 :


- AI 4865 (Iter XIV) : CUNETIONE

- Ravenna 10621 : CUNETZONE

 AI has the proper form, an oblique case from which a nominative can be supposed as above; compare Dernentio-ne, Navio-ne, Verlucio-ne. Ravenna's form here shows Vulgar Latin assibilation of classical / tj / (see p. 30). R&C's reading of this name as Cunetzione has an extra -i- by error.

DERIVATION. This remains uncertain. The long expositions of Williams and of Jackson in Britannia, I (1970), 71, should be studied. It is unfortunate that the name seems to have no analogues here or abroad; the Cunetes tribe of Spain provide a similarity of form, but they were probably Iberian (non-Celtic). The British name was *Cunetiu, and from this the name of the Wiltshire river, Kennet, is derived; the same may be assumed for several other rivers called Kennet and similar, including the Kent of Cumbria (older Kenet), and for the Cynwyd of Merioneth (Wales). Ravenna's Cunia and Cunis rivers are probably not relevant, being referable to Cenio. Whether the first element in Countisbury, the name of a Devon hill-fort, belongs here is doubtful; it was in an Old Welsh form (Asser) Arx Cynuit, and Jackson thinks this name related to *Cunetiu, but we seem not to have hill-fort names made from original water-names in other instances. Jackson dismisses the older notion of a Celtic *cuno- 'high' as non-existent, and a root in well-known *cuno- ' dog ' as most unlikely in a river-name; for the same reason he does not welcome Williarn's proposed root in the *ku-no- ' point, edge' of Pokorny, and rightly dismisses the consequential argument that in the present case the river might have taken its name from that of the settlement, for we have no eévidence that this occurred in Celtic times (though such back-formation is common later). The most recent discussion of the abundant Cuno- names, mostly personal names involving Cuno-'dog', is that of H. Birkhan in Germanen und Kelten.. . (Vienna, 1970), 345-79; he mentions British Cunetio (p. 348, note), a unique toponym, but without associating it with other Cuno- names. The name must be left unresolved.

IDENTIFICATION. The Roman town at Mildenhall, Wiltshire (SU 2169), on the river Kennet.



Blason : 



* Ordnance Survey : Map of Roman Britain.

* Eilert Ekwall : The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names. 4è édition. Clarendon Press. 1936-1980.

* A.L.F Rivet & Colin Smith : The place-names of Roman Britain. Batsford Ltd. 1979; 1982 

Liens électroniques des sites Internet traitant de Mildenhall / Cunetio

* lien communal officiel : 

* forum du site Marikavel : Academia Celtica

hast buan, ma mignonig vas vite, mon petit ami

go fast, my little friend

Retour en tête de page